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Pigua quan

This is a quanshu style based on long strokes. There are 18 basic movements: goon ("to roll"), lei ("to bind"), pi ("chopping" blows), qua ("to hook"), djan ("to chop off"), se ("to withdraw"), qan ("to cut"), jai ("to break"), lue ("to seize"), bing ("to throw away"), sheng ("to stretch out"), shou ("to collect ","to return"), lju (" to catch", " to grope"), tang (“to feel”), tang ("a spring"), qa ("to nail", “to break through”), lei ("to beat"), man ("an attack"). There are efforts variations, such as: "the effort for goon and lai techniques ", "the effort of swallowing and spitting", "the effort when performing rotating and turning", "the effort for pi and qua techniques", "the effort sound like wheels rattle". "Twisting" in spine is followed by the turn of the hips, sliding arms movements are coordinated with wrist movements, arms make "chopping" movements in turns, and power freely goes through arms and shoulders. This style has following features: mostly long strokes are used while short ones are auxiliary; sheng movement is accompanied by "opening" and "closing", increasing number of "chopping" blows leads to increasing number of qua movements, shou movement has to be short; "chopping" movements are made unexpectedly, qua movements- rigidly; attacking actions and strokes are performed swiftly.

Pigua technique

Technique pigua quan.

The full name of this technique is tongbei piqua-quan. It is one of the oldest quanshu styles literally meaning "to chop and hang" ("piqua"), but the old term "to put on armor" is more correct. Piqua complexes are obligatory for yellow belt certification in the Wushu Federation school.

Technique pigua quan. Technique pigua quan.

Various units of complexes pigua quan. Sergei Nikolaev (Moscow).

The Pigua history

Piguazhang (chop-and-hanging palm) can also be called piguaquan (chop-and-hanging fist). However, due to the palm techniques popularity, it is more commonly called piguazhang. The previous style name "drape-and-chopping fist" was pronounced the same way and could be found in texts of the middle period of the Ming dynasty. At first Piquazhang and Bajiquan were one system created by Wu Zong and widely spread in villages of Luo Tong area, Hebei Province, China. After Wu Rong, Wu Zhong’s daughter, married Luo Tong, she started practicing pigua turning it into a separate wushu style. So bajiquan and piguazhang gradually became two separate systems. Bajiquan is rigid and powerful, distance used in combat was minimal what made elbow’ and other strokes very dangerous. And as an opposite, piguazhang has multi-amplitude’ movements using long distance. Movements are soft and circular. Old wushu masters used to say: "When pigua and baji are compiled, gods and demons are all terrified" and "When baji has some pigua technique, heros will find no equals to them."

Waist and hips is the centre of motion, and the back, arms, and palm become one in piguazhang. Every other movement contains ‘openings’ and ‘closings’. Striking with the front of palm is called Pi, or hacking. Striking with the back of palm is called Gua, or hanging. Pigua in Tongbei system Tongbei pigua-quan include 12 large parts, large forms, tsinlunquan, "a black dragon quan ", pheihuquan, "a flying tiger quan", teishuquan, 4-track forms and forms of a sliding foot, tongbei 10-parts, tantui ("a leg shoot"). Piquaquan also uses such types of weapon as: chi (a lance), lyuhedachan, piquadao, a knife, 2 piqua knives, small tongbei sword, 73 swords (forms), lantuntsio, phuntuchu, 55 forms of stick, 88 forms of stick, stick phunmo, 3- knee-stick, and bengan. This bengan technique was supplemented with tongbei methods, so appeared a new bengan system different from the Southern Gansu bengan.

It has the following features: the forms of large "openings" and "closings"; soft and hard motions united with long and short strokes; short and strong motions in the end, etc. The basic hand techniques are to wipe, to shoot, to hack, to hang up, to expel, etc. In the traditional wushu technique it is important to slowly demonstrate a form, beat swiftly with fist and swiftly set a strike form. Taolu technique belong to first stage tongbei and has only 6 tracks and 46 forms, full of graceful motions such as: ‘one hand hacking’, ‘hawk flies through the forest’, ‘spinning a shoulder and throwing a palm’, ‘to push a palm having raised a leg’, ‘making a continuous and prompt rush and hovering’, ‘a black dragon hanging and striking’, ‘two elbows striking like a shooting cannon’, and ‘like a thunderclap’.



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